Is already a national issue in São Paulo is suffering from the lack of water and measures of rationing are frequent in the state, but what can we do to consume less water and contribute to that in the future the water does not become a scarce commodity?
Everyone can and should contribute to the economy of water, and at home simple measures save more water than we expect.
Saving the Water from the Discharge
An ordinary toilet with the valve wall (without the bound) spend an average of 30 gallons of water per flush, is a lot of water move into the drain literally. What can we do about it?
One option is to use vessels with a box attached, from among the various models there are those who spend the 15 litres per flush or vessels more economic that use 6 litres for solid waste (poop) and 3 litres for liquids (pee).
That is, only by exchanging the toilet, the economy can reach up to 90% of water consumption, now stop and think:
This represents a hyper water saving that is reflected instantly in the account of water, the cost of replacement of the vessel pays for itself in a short time.
Saving the Water from the Faucet
Needless to say, that’s for soaping all the dishes to then rinse, but have a product that costs less than$ 5.00, the actual and you install on the faucet and have already began to save up to 40% less water. This product is the AERATOR.
What does he do? Inserts air bubbles near the water, this prevents the water spray, makes you have a feeling of greater flow of water. A normal tap spends between 14 and 25 litres of water per minute, while with the use of the aerator consumption low for 6 to 10 liters per minute.
Yes, the expense for a dishwasher is great, 15 minutes of open faucet with aerator can spend 150 liters of water, a good option is the use of dishwashers, although little used in Brazil, some models use only 20 litres per complete wash, since they optimize the use of water. But you must do a review careful of the consumption of water, energy and the cost of the product and the monthly.
Saving Water in the Shower
The showers often represent 30% or even 60% of the consumption of residential water, it is necessary to regulate the time of the bath, but there are other measures that can be applied such as the use of low pressure shower heads. The economy of a shower low pressure ranges from 70 to 100%.
A possibility low-cost is to use a pressure reducer on the own shower, water-saving reaches to 50% and the cost of the kit pressure reducer is less than R$100,00 reais.
But, before you install the dimmer, check with a engineer hydraulic to verify the possibility of this reduction.
Saving Water in the Washing of Clothes
Always opt for a model of a machine that saves water, machines that allow you to select the level of water, have some machines that store the water for reuse, to wash the sidewalks. Join enough clothes before washing!
Saving the Water to Wash the Car and the Sidewalk
Today there are a lot of places that wash the car dry, but in extreme cases of dirt, use the bucket of water, fill rub with a sponge and then rinse with the hose using those nozzles of the jet of water, it helps to spread best water on the surface soapy.
The idea of reusing the water from the machine for washing the sidewalk is a good one, but the water can not stay stopped for many days, so if you plan to leave to wash clothes and the sidewalk on the same day.
Economy of Water in a swimming Pool
Although the pool water to be treated and do not need to make the switch from recurring, what happens is that you leave the pool exposed to the sun causes the evaporation of water. A pool average discovery loses almost 4 thousand liters of water a month, with the coverage pool loses only 10% of that in evaporation.
Construction projects can envisage the use of rainwater for washing sidewalks, watering gardens, washing cars and to supply the discharges, this collected water must receive treatment to make it fit for use. But, even buildings ready can make adjustments to capture the rain water. It is a way for you to make your own water reserves for the most critical moments, but this water cannot be consumed or used for bathing, for that reason it is necessary to do a complex treatment.
The capturing of rain water is a great option to control the flow of water that comes to the net rainfall, which contributes to the reduction of flooding also.
Have you ever wondered why the law requires that if you let a percentage of the land is permeable, and some of the buildings of large size occupies the ground full? In this case the building is required to capture the rain water, concentrates it in a reservoir and only when it is safe to drop that water accumulated gradually in the network so as to not cause flooding.
Reuse of gray Water
Everyone wants to take advantage of the water, mainly to wash clothes, this water can and should be reused, not only the washing machine as the water of the bath and the water from the bathroom sink.
These waters correspond to between 50% and 80% of that is wasted in the sewer, when they could be reused for the washing of sidewalks, the car, watering the garden and used the toilet.
The economy then it would be much higher, since you would not use treated water from the network to the toilet, or to wash the sidewalks.
My mother always used to say the following sentence: “You is complaining about your food, when you have so many people going hungry” In other words we could say that it has so many brazilians without water and we use our treated water to flush our waste, is incoherent.
For this, use the gray water is very important, it is a way to take responsibility for our abusive consumption is of water is of the money spent for the treatment of water.
In Niterói in the rio de janeiro the new buildings are obliged to reuse the gray water. The State (federal Government, state and municipal) must require that the projects dealing with the reuse of water, if thought of from the beginning of the work, the cost is relatively insignificant. The savings can reach 60%.
Today many industries have already come up reusing the gray water, but it is necessary that this practice extends also to residential use.
I’ve already written too much, has a “bible” here, but if you have something to add leave it in the comments, the planet thanks you for the good initiatives.
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