Beijing, China Society and Economy

By | December 14, 2021

Beijing is a Chinese city of 23 million people. It is the capital of the People’s Republic of China, the seat of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and that of the Central People’s Government of China. It is the political, economic, cultural and communications center of the country, as well as that of international exchanges. It is one of the largest cities in the world; it is flat and perfectly squared. In 2008 it hosted the 2008 Beijing Olympics. History and Geography of Beijing can be found on itypemba.

The city is located in the northern part of China (precisely Beijing means ‘the city of the north’), 181 km northwest of the Yellow Sea coast.

To the west are the Taihang Mountains ; to the north, the Yanshan Mountains and the vast Inner Mongolia Plateau ; to the east, the Bohai Gulf ; and to the southeast, the Great Plain of North China.

Occupying an area of 16,800 square kilometers with a population of around 23 million, it has 18 municipal districts and suburban districts under its jurisdiction.

Social development

Beijing has developed rapidly in many areas and the construction of the city is making great progress day by day. Especially since the reform and opening up abroad policy began to be applied in 1978, it has become the railway center and the center of national and international air transport.

To satisfy the needs of the visitors, many star-scale hotels have been raised along with tourist infrastructure and gastronomy full services. In addition, transport in the city is easy and there are uneven viaducts.


There are about 100 universities, some very famous such as Beijing University, Qinghua University and other institutions of higher learning. There, not only countless Chinese intellectuals and talented men have been trained, but also many foreign professionals.

The headquarters of China’s largest scientific research and study bodies, the Academy of Sciences and the Academy of Social Sciences, are in Beijing and most of its more than 100 research institutes. Zhongguancun, in the northwestern suburbs, is where highly skilled people and high-tech programs are most concentrated, and Beijing University, Qinghua University, and the various research institutes under the Chinese Academy of Science remain there. like three pillars of a tripod.

Classic constructions

Beijing is home to a concentration of magnificent classical-style buildings, representing the heyday of ancient Chinese architecture. The city had both inner and outer walls built in the Ming dynasty.

Although the walls no longer exist now, their gates and the most important towers still remain intact. For example the entire complex of the Imperial Palace, the largest of its kind in the world and known as the Forbidden City, and the Tian’anmen Gate ; the Temple of Heaven, which stands in the south of the city, and the Summer Palace, a royal summer resort in the northeast.

The Badaling and Mutianyu sectors of the famous Great Wall wind through the mountains in the suburban districts of Yanqing and Huairou, and in Changping are the Thirteen Ming Tombs.

Tian’anmen Square, the largest public square in the world, is the center of Beijing. In its middle there is the Monument to the People’s Heroes and in the south is the Mao Zedong Memorial Palace. The Palace of the People’s Assembly is located to the west of the Plaza, and to the east, the Museum of Chinese History, and the Museum of the Chinese Revolution. Tian’anmen Square is now a favorite place for both Chinese and foreigners visiting Beijing. In addition, the Beihai and Jingshan Parks, the Scented Hill Park, as well as the picturesque area of Badachu fascinate tourists so much.

Science and culture

Modern science and culture have also developed considerably, making it the largest scientific and cultural center in China today. Here are the largest national library, the Beijing Library, the largest sports facilities in the country and world-class hospitals. It is the press and editions center of the country, home to dozens of national-category artistic ensembles, and its 120 museums have earned it the name of “city of museums.”

In recent years, the high science and technology industry has developed vigorously in this place, which has been distinguished by many as “China’s Silicon Valley.”


It is a city full of attractions. Perhaps the only city on the planet that has so many monuments considered a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Since the Great Wall, the Forbidden City, the Summer Palace, the Temple of Heaven and the Site of Man in Beijing, they have deserved that qualification.

Economic development

Total gross domestic product for 2007 was 121 billion yuan, an increase of 50.2% over the previous year. The per capita GDP was 20,746 yuan. The tertiary sector, especially the real estate and automobile branch, especially luxury, has grown spectacularly in recent years.

In 2002, a total of 19,044 million square meters of housing were sold, for an amount of 81,380 million yuan. In the same period, 946,000 cars were sold. The total number of registered cars exceeds six million, of which 79% are privately owned.

The Central Business District, in the Guomao area, is recognized as the new nucleus of the economic and financial life of the city, and in it are located offices and corporate headquarters of different regional companies, shopping centers, department stores and housing of luxury. Wangfujing and Xidan are streets famous for their shops. Zhongguancun, China’s ” Silicon Valley “, continues to be an important center for the electronics and computer industries, as well as for pharmaceutical research.

Beijing, China Society