Category Archives: Africa

For the complete list of nations in Africa, please visit

Angola Geography and Population

Angola – Geography Angola – Geography, Population development is characterized by the same trends as in most other African countries, but a number of special conditions apply. The almost DKK 10 million Angolans are divided into a number of ethnic groups, all of Bantu origin. Largest is ovimbundu on the central plateau, this is also… Read More »

Benin Geography and Population

Benin – geography Benin – geography, Benin is a long, narrow country; the population belongs to a wide variety of ethnic groups. Population and occupation The approximately 8 million residents belong to more than 40 ethnic groups, including fon, adja, yoruba, bariba, peul and somba. Fon is the largest group with about 30% of the… Read More »

Botswana Geography and Population

Botswana – Geography Botswana – Geography, The population is linguistically and culturally more homogeneous than usual for African states. About half of the Tswana people belong to subgroups, but many more master the Tswana language, setswana, and it has been a major political goal for independent Botswana to weaken tribal thinking and reduce inequalities between… Read More »

Burkina Faso Geography and Population

Burkina Faso – Geography Burkina Faso – Geography, Burkina Faso is an inland state with large transport distances through the southern neighboring countries to the nearest ports. The country is largely devoid of mountains, and only to the south it has rivers that are aquatic throughout the year. approximately 20% of the area is forest,… Read More »

Burundi Geography and Population

Burundi – Geography Burundi – geography, Burundi is located in the western part of the East African tomb; it is a lush country but poor and overcrowded. The population It consists of three ethnic groups: hutu (80-90%), tutsi (10-20%) and twee (less than 1%). Often the plural noun is used ba, e.g., bahutu. In addition… Read More »

Cameroon Geography and Population

Cameroon – Geography Cameroon – geography, Cameroon extends over 1200 km from north to south, and there are over 200 ethnic groups from the rainforest belt in the south, which is mainly characterized by Bantu people, to the Sahel belt in the north, populated by, among other things. fulani. The population is growing by approximately… Read More »

Cape Verde Geography and Population

Cape Verde – Geography Cape Verde – Geography, Cape Verde is located 500 km west of the coast of West Africa. Despite the name, according to the first European visitors (including Columbus), the islands have always been dry, and the name refers to the location off the Cape Verde fort in Senegal. The country consists… Read More »

Central African Republic Geography and Population

Central African Republic – geography Central African Republic – geography, CAR lies in the tropical belt; large parts are fairly pristine savanna. To the south, where the rainfall is greatest, there is rainforest. The population The majority of the population has immigrated after approximately 1800, when the area was almost empty after the ravages of… Read More »

Chad Geography and Population

Chad – geography Chad – Geography, Chad is a land inland with borders to six countries; Of these, there have been border disputes with three: in the north a dispute with Libya over the border area Aouzou and in the west with Nigeria; here in 1998 there were battles on Lake Chad. The civil war… Read More »

Djibouti Geography and Population

OFFICIAL NAME: Djibouti CAPITAL CITY: Djibouti POPULATION: 828,000 (2015) AREA: 23,200 km² OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: French, Arabic, Somali, Afar RELIGION: Muslims 94%, Christians 6% CURRENCY: djibouti franc CURRENCY CODE: DIAS ENGLISH NAME: Djibouti INDEPENDENCE: 1977 POPULATION COMPOSITION: issa 49%, afar 41%, other 10% GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 1685 (2014) LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 60 years, women… Read More »

Egypt Geography and Population

Egypt – geography It is said that “Egypt is the Nile”. Egyptian society is organized around the Nile; the country’s economy, politics, culture and history reflect efforts to tame and exploit the Nile’s bodies of water, and the river is crucial to building patterns, infrastructure and production. The Nile Egypt, here in the sense of… Read More »

Equatorial Guinea Geography and Population

OFFICIAL NAME: Guinea Equatorial CAPITAL CITY: Malabo POPULATION: 722,000 (2014) AREA: 28,051 km² OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Spanish, Bantu language, English-Creole, Portuguese-Creole RELIGION: Catholics 93%, other 7% CURRENCY: CFA CURRENCY CODE: XOF ENGLISH NAME: Equatorial Guinea INDEPENDENCE: 1968 POPULATION COMPOSITION: catch 83%, bube 10%, other 7% GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 20,581 (2013) LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 64.4… Read More »

Eritrea Geography and Population

ETYMOLOGY: The word Eritrea is Italian, from Lat. Mare Erythraeum ‘The Red Sea’, by gr. Erythros ‘red’. OFFICIAL NAME: Eritrea CAPITAL CITY: Asmara POPULATION: 6,520,000 (2015) AREA: 93,680 km² OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Arabic, Tigrinnya, Tigers, other African languages RELIGION: Muslims (especially Sunni Muslims) 50%, Christians (especially Coptic Christians) 50% CURRENCY: Nakfa CURRENCY CODE: ERN ENGLISH NAME:… Read More »

Ethiopia Geography and Population

Ethiopia – Geography Population data for Ethiopia is uncertain; latest census was held in 1994. Ethiopia is the country in Africa that has the third largest population (after Nigeria and Egypt), and the growth rate of over 3% per year is among the highest in the world. About half of the population is under 15.… Read More »

Gabon Geography and Population

Gabon – geography Gabon – geography, Gabon lies in the tropical belt with high temperatures and high rainfall; in the rainy season from October to June falls 1600-4000 mm and 3/4 of the area is covered by tropical rainforest. Compared to the size of the country, the population is modest and large areas are extremely… Read More »

Gambia Geography and Population

OFFICIAL NAME: Gambia CAPITAL CITY: Banjul POPULATION: 1,920,000 (2014) AREA: 11,295 km² OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: English, mandinka, wolof, fulani and approximately 15 other Nigerian-Kordofan languages RELIGION: Muslims 90%, Christians 9%, natives’ religions 1% CURRENCY: dalasi CURRENCY CODE: GMD ENGLISH NAME: The Gambia, Republic of The Gambia INDEPENDENCE: 1965 POPULATION COMPOSITION: malinke 40%, fulani 15%, wolof 15%,… Read More »

Ghana Geography and Population

Ghana – Geography Ghana – geography, Ghana has a tropical climate everywhere with fairly constant temperatures throughout the year. The country can be divided into three regions, which are mainly dependent on rainfall differences. To the south, there are two rainy seasons, March-May and August-September; to the north there is only one, May-August. In the… Read More »

Guinea Geography and Population

Guinea – geography Guinea is the world’s second largest bauxite producer (after Australia), and a large part is smelted into aluminum in the country. The bauxite sector dominates a small area around Boké and Fria towards the NW, and over 70% of the country’s exports come from the mining sector, but otherwise Guinea is an… Read More »

Guinea-Bissau Geography and Population

Guinea-Bissau – Geography Guinea-Bissau – geography, the coastal region is low lying and divided by numerous bays and wide estuaries; off the coast lies the Bissagos Islands. The area has up to 6 m of tide, and there are large mangrove areas, which however have been cleared to rice fields in several places. The climate… Read More »

Ivory Coast Geography and Population

OFFICIAL NAME: Ivory Coast CAPITAL CITY: Yamoussoukro POPULATION: 22,850,000 (2014) AREA: 318,000 km² OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: French, approximately 60 African languages RELIGION: Muslims 60%, Christians 22%, natives’ religions 18% CURRENCY: CFA CURRENCY CODE: XOF ENGLISH NAME: Ivory Coast INDEPENDENCE: 1960 POPULATION COMPOSITION: akan (including baoulé) 42%, man (especially malinke) 16%, gur (including senufo) 16%, kru 15%,… Read More »

Kenya Geography and Population

Kenya – geography Kenya – geography, Kenya is on average quite densely populated by African conditions, but there are major regional differences. The northern third is covered by shrubs and desert with a few scattered nomadic populations. Also, a wide belt within the coast and towards the border with Tanzania is sparsely populated. The majority… Read More »

Lesotho Geography and Population

OFFICIAL NAME: Muso among others Lesotho, Kingdom of Lesotho CAPITAL CITY: Maseru POPULATION: 1,940,000 (2014) AREA: 30,355 km² OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Sotho, English, Zulu, Xhosa RELIGION: Christians 70%, natives religions 30% CURRENCY: Maloti CURRENCY CODE: LSL ENGLISH NAME: lesotho INDEPENDENCE: 1966 POPULATION COMPOSITION: sotho 85%, zulu 15% GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 1372 (2013) LIFE EXPECTANCY:… Read More »

Liberia Geography and Population

Liberia – Geography Liberia is located on the West African rainforest covered coast. The 570 km long coast itself is an offshore coast with lagoons and sand barriers that block the rivers. In some places, the mangrove-covered lagoons are interrupted by rocky clumps that form conceals. Here are the country’s few natural ports, including at… Read More »

Libya Geography and Population

Libya – geography The country can be divided geographically into four zones: Jabal Nafusa (mountains) and Jafaras plain, both to the west in Tripolitania, the mountains Jabal al-Akhdar to the east in Cyrenaica and finally the Sahara plateau with the desert to the south, Fezzan. Jafara forms the fertile northwest corner of the country with… Read More »

Madagascar Geography and Population

Madagascar – Geography Madagascar belongs geologically to Africa and the Indian subcontinent, as the island was part of the primordial continent Gondwanaland and was first separated from Africa in the Cretaceous. The island can be divided into four quite different landscape zones. The central highlands are located at an altitude of 900-1500 m and are… Read More »

Malawi Geography and Population

Malawi – Geography Malawi geography, the Rift Valley, the great East African tomb, traverses the country from north to south and contains the Malawi Lake and to the south the valley of the Shire River. The west bank of the lake rises steeply towards the country’s central plateau (700-1300 m); to the north it is… Read More »

Mali Geography and Population

Mali Geography Mali – Geography, Mali extends from central Sahara in the north, through the Sahel Belt and the Sudan Sea to the foothills of the Fouta Djalon Mountains in the SV. Except for the northernmost part of the desert where night frosts may occur, the climate is tropical. The vast expanses of sandstone and… Read More »

Mauritania Geography and Population

Mauritania – Geography Mauritania is a desert state. The Senegal River forms a southern border with Senegal, while the other borders are straight lines drawn through completely uninhabited areas. The terrain is flat; only a few mountain areas reach over 500 m. The large desert areas are without vegetation and completely characterized by the winds.… Read More »

Morocco Geography and Population

Morocco – geography The landscape is dominated by the Atlas Mountains, which cut through the country from southwest to northeast and continue into Algeria. In Morocco are the three parallel chains, Anti Atlas, High Atlas (Toubkal 4165 m) and Middle Atlas. To the north are the Rif Mountains, which delimit the narrow coastal plain to… Read More »