Category Archives: South America

For the complete list of nations in South America, please visit

Venezuela Presidents and Prime Ministers

National Flag of Venezuela According to aceinland, the national flag of Venezuela is a tricolor of yellow, blue, and red. It was adopted in 1811 and is one of the oldest flags in South America. The yellow stripe represents the wealth and resources of the country, while the blue stands for its independence from Spain.… Read More »

Argentina Geography and Population

Argentina – geography The population density is only 12 residents per. km2, but the regional differences are large: from the populous province of Buenos Aires to the almost uninhabited Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego. By the year 1900, the country had 4.8 million. residents; the large population growth is due to a birth surplus, but… Read More »

Bolivia Geography and Population

Bolivia – geography Bolivia is twice the size of France, but immensely sparsely populated; over half of the country are virtually untouched natural areas. Population The largest ethnic groups are the Quechua and Aymará Indians in the highlands; they constitute resp. 30 and just over 20% of the population. In the northern lowlands, there are… Read More »

Brazil Geography and Population

Geography Brazil is only slightly smaller than Europe, and there are large differences in landscape and climate from the tropical rainforest around the Amazon over the semi-arid savannas of the Brazilian Plateau to the subtropical grasslands to the south. In many millions. years, there has been calm in the earth’s crust, and the country is… Read More »

Chile Geography and Population

Chile – geography The vast majority of Chile’s population and the country’s economic activity are concentrated in central Chile around the capital, while large areas in the northern and southern parts of the country are largely uninhabited. Chile has a significant mining sector and the country is the world’s largest producer of copper. Population The… Read More »

Colombia Geography and Population

Colombia – geography A large part of Colombia’s population and the country’s economic activity are concentrated in a limited area between the Andes’ chains. A large part of the country’s coffee is grown here, and here is the capital Bogotá. Population Colombia’s population is very composed; about 20 percent are white, 4 percent black, and… Read More »

Guyana Geography and Population

Guyana – geography Most of the country consists of tropical rainforest and large stretches are deserted. Over 90% of the population inhabits the narrow coastal plain east of the river Essequibo. It is a marsh area where large parts lie below sea level, protected by sea dikes. Here is also the country’s capital and several… Read More »

Paraguay Geography and Population

Paraguay – geography The climate in Paraguay is tropical. In the hottest months (December-March) the temperature can vary between 25 °C and 43 °C and there is high humidity. During the winter months, large temperature fluctuations occur, rarely all the way down to near freezing point. The fluctuations in winter can happen from one day… Read More »

Peru Geography and Population

Peru – geography the Andes Mountains divide Peru into three very different natural geographical regions, all of which have a north-south extent. The westernmost, the Costa, is a 25-125 km wide coastal plain, drought-prone and in several places actually desert. The population is concentrated in the few port cities and valleys that irregularly direct river… Read More »

Suriname Geography and Population

Suriname – geography Suriname is extremely sparsely populated and 96% covered by forest; less than 1% of the land is cultivated. The ethnic composition of the population is mixed, reflecting the Dutch colonial past. After independence, many emigrated to the Netherlands, and the population fell, but in the 1990’s the growth was approximately 1% per… Read More »

Uruguay Geography and Population

Uruguay – geography The climate is temperate and relatively uniform throughout the country with only small regional variations. Spring is windy and humid, summer hot, autumn mild, and winter cool and very humid (average for July 10 °C). Pga. greater distance to the sea, however, northwestern Uruguay has relatively warmer summers and less humid winters.… Read More »

Venezuela Geography and Population

Venezuela – geography The highest mountain areas are to the NW, where the Eastern Cordilleras divide into two branches, the Sierra de Perijá west of Lake Maracaibo and the Cordillera de Mérida east of the lake. The low-lying, swampy area of ​​Lake Maracaibo is strongly influenced by oil extraction. The Caribbean Coast Mountains run along… Read More »

South America

South America, the fourth largest continent; 17.8 million km2, 350 million residents (2001). According to ABBREVIATIONFINDER, South America forms the southern part of the American Continent; geographically, the boundary between north and south is most often set at the narrowest point in Central America: the Panama Canal. In practice, the border between Colombia and Panama… Read More »

Things to Do in Colombia

The South American country of Republic of Colombia is gaining popularity as a holiday destination. Colombia has a long history in which Indian tribes and Spaniards have left a clear trace. Interesting museums, sites and historic buildings can be visited in various places that remind us of this. Besides this rich culture, Colombia also has… Read More »

Things to Do in Chile

The South American country of Chile is extremely diverse. Chile is a narrow country bordering Peru, Bolivia and Argentina. The landscape is characterized by a lot of coastal area, high mountains, irregularly shaped rock formations, glaciers, lakes, volcanoes, hot springs and a lot of natural beauty. The Andes area is also part of the more… Read More »

Things to Do in Brazil

We all know the South American country of Brazil from football, the famous beaches such as Copacabana, the characteristic meters high statue of Christ or the Brazilian Carnival. A country that is very popular, because it also has so much to offer. Brazil, for example, is the largest country in South America and it has… Read More »

Things to Do in Bolivia

Bolivia is a colorful but small country in South America. It is characterized by the diversity of landscapes and the kilometers along vineyards. Although this country has many special sights to offer, the flow of tourists is limited. You can therefore optimally enjoy an adventurous but peaceful holiday here. Bolivia dates back to 13,000 BC.… Read More »

Things to Do in Argentina

Argentina, together with Chile, forms the southernmost region of South America. The Spanish-speaking Argentina is therefore close to the South Pole and further borders on countries such as Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, Chile and Bolivia. Argentina has an overwhelmingly beautiful nature with colorful animal species, more than thirty national parks, rainforests, glaciers, mountains, rivers, lakes, waterfalls… Read More »

Sights of Suriname

Suriname is a country located in the northern part of South America. Suriname is a former Dutch colony that gained its independence on November 25, 1975. Dutch influences are still visible in many ways, including the Dutch language spoken in Suriname. The green landscape consists largely of pieces of untouched nature and reserves. Surinamese cuisine… Read More »

Sights of Peru

Peru is located on the west coast of South America. Impressive for its diversity in landscape, culture and history. Peru has a special history in which the Inca culture plays a major role. For centuries, this Indian people have dominated the country and their culture has been able to visibly develop. The beginning of this… Read More »

Venezuela Economy

Subchapters: Basic data Public finances and the state budget Banking system Tax System Basic data After an estimated decline in real GDP of 31% in 2020 (and a cumulative reduction of almost 77% since 2013), a marginally positive growth of 0.7% is expected in 2021 after a long period. GDP is strongly correlated with oil,… Read More »

Uruguay Economy

Subchapters: Basic data Public finances and the state budget Banking system Tax System Basic data The country is characterized by a stable and transparent environment for exports and investments, a long-term consistent economic plan of the government. Over the past fifteen years, Uruguay has redirected part of its foreign trade to China and the EU… Read More »

Suriname Economy

Subchapters: Basic data Public finances and the state budget Banking system Tax System Basic data In 2021, Suriname saw its GDP decline by 1.5%. To a large extent, these were the reverberations of the pandemic. In 2022, GDP is expected to grow by 3.2%. This growth may be higher due to the international political and… Read More »

Peru Economy

Subchapters: Basic data Public finances and the state budget Banking system Tax System Basic data The situation on world markets in 2021 had a favorable impact on the Peruvian economy. Economic activity increased by 13.4% compared to the same period in 2020. Growth was driven by non-primary sectors. In the last months of the year,… Read More »

Paraguay Economy

Subchapters: Basic data Public finances and the state budget Banking system Tax System Basic data According to, Paraguay has shown stable growth in recent years, however, it remains a developing country that has to rely on agricultural products and related problems (price fluctuations on world markets, dependence on the weather). The government is trying… Read More »

Guyana Economy

Subchapters: Basic data Public finances and the state budget Banking system Tax System Basic data In the context of world economic developments, Guyana’s GDP growth of 18.5 8 in 2021 is a rarity, and even more interesting is the outlook for 2022, when GDP is expected to grow by 46%. For example, according to the… Read More »

Colombia Economy

Subchapters: Basic data Public finances and the state budget Banking system Tax System Basic data The government was one of the first in Latin America to implement strict quarantine measures in response to the COVID-19 pandemic to prevent the collapse of the fragile health system. The long and relatively strict lockdown lasting most of 2020… Read More »

Chile Economy

Subchapters: Basic data Public finances and the state budget Banking system Tax System Basic data Chile is relatively more resistant to economic shocks than other countries in the LA region due to its principled macroeconomic policies, savings of state funds, low level of public debt and good access to international financial markets, but the still… Read More »

Brazil Economy

Subchapters: Basic data Public finances and the state budget Banking system Tax System Basic data The year 2021 brought an economic growth of 4.8% in the BFR, which can be evaluated as a recovery of its economy. The GDP growth forecasts for 2022 were drawn up before the outbreak of the conflict in Ukraine and… Read More »

Bolivia Economy

Subchapters: Basic data Public finances and the state budget Banking system Tax System Basic data As a result of the coronavirus pandemic, the Bolivian economy fell into a deep recession, the largest recorded since 1953. In 2020, industry, tourism, mining and transport were the most affected. In 2021, the economy grew by 6.11%, placing it… Read More »