Animals and Plants
The coast of Croatia
In the places protected from the gusts of the Bora wind, the flora of the Mediterranean flourishes with olive and lemon trees and vines. Two types of scented plants are also common, namely lavender, which grows mainly on the island of Hvar, and the yellow-flowering gorse. This grows everywhere in Croatia and especially in spring the yellow flowers cover whole regions.
What is growing in Croatia?
The maquis dominates the coast of the country. These are shrubs and plants that are very undemanding and can grow on the dry, salty and calcareous barren soils. These evergreen hardwood plants are typical of the Croatian landscape. Pine, pine and cedar trees grow here. They can all survive in the often hot dry Mediterranean climate.
Forests determine a large part of the landscape. 36 percent of the country’s area is covered by forest. Deciduous trees that only wear a green dress in summer thrive. Conifers grow at slightly higher altitudes. Figs, orange trees and oleanders also grow in Croatia.
Nature conservation in Croatia
In Croatia there are a number of nature reserves that are primarily intended to protect Croatia’s flora from human intervention. Landscapes were placed under nature protection as early as 1949. The first national park was the Plitvice Lakes National Park. The lakes are arranged one below the other and connected by waterfalls.
Other parks followed, such as the Krka National Park in the north of Sibenik (Šibenik). In 1959 the Paklenica National Park was created. On the Adriatic coast lies the Mljet National Park and other nature reserves, such as the one around the Kornati archipelago. There are also a few more, which now attract a large number of tourists.
There are beautiful waterfalls in many national parks.
Which animals live in Croatia?
Some wild animals such as wolves, wild boars, badgers, foxes, deer and chamois still live in Croatia. The chamois were considered extinct in Croatia for a long time. In the meantime they have immigrated to Croatia again from Slovenia and have spread here.
Several hundred brown bears still live in the country, mainly in the hinterland and in the nature reserves. The conservationists are happy about the bears, while the farmers are often not that happy about them. However, it rarely happens that a bear eats a goat or even attacks a human. But the more people go into remote nature, the greater the likelihood that they will come across a bear. However, bears are naturally very shy animals.
What is swimming in Croatia?
The water of the Croatian coast is crystal clear, you can often see many meters to the bottom. This seabed, like the limestone mountains, is rugged and covered with brown and green seaweed.
Anyone who bathes on the coast should be prepared for a marine animal and that is the sea urchin. They like to romp around on the seabed on the Adriatic coast, which is why bathing with swimming shoes is popular. There are also sea barb and bream in the water. Those who dive will find corals, the red color of which adorns the rocks. Not only do sea bream, octopus and perch feel good, but maybe a small shark too. However, this is extremely rare.
Tourism brings money into the country
Croatia has only been an independent state since 1991. In the first time after becoming self-employed, the country had to accept some economic setbacks. But things have been improving for a few years now, as the many tourists bring money into the country. In addition, there is the possibility of sharing a common market with Europe, because Croatia has been a member of the European Union since 2013.
However, unemployment is still high. There are large regional differences between the better-off landscapes on the coast and the cities and small villages in the countryside.
Much of the country’s income comes from tourism. The number of visitors to the country has continued to rise since 2000. Most of the guests visit the coasts and islands, but the Croatian hinterland has also become more attractive. Here you can go on great hikes and the prices are even cheaper than on the coast. But the dreamy coastal landscapes remain one of the country’s main attractions.
What is grown in Croatia?
Much of the land is used for agriculture. According to listofusnewspapers, Croatian farmers mainly grow corn, wheat, potatoes and various types of vegetables. But citrus fruits and olives are also grown. Slavonia in the northeast is a large growing area of corn and wheat. There is still a lot of livestock farming, especially sheep, but coastal fishing is still of some importance.
However, only a small part of the country’s income comes from agriculture. Much more important are the services, which make up the largest part of the gross domestic product (GDP).
Croatia does not have too many natural resources to offer. A little bit of lignite, hard coal as well as oil and natural gas are mined.