Democratic Republic of the Congo Geography and Population

By | January 8, 2023

Democratic Republic of Congo – languages

Democratic Republic of Congo – Languages, Of the country’s over 200 African languages, most are Bantu languages, which belong to the Niger-Kordofan language set. The largest are lingala (about 2 million) in N and V down to Kinshasa, luba (about 8.7 million) in the southern regions of Kasai and Katange, Congo (about 5 million) in SV and Swahili, who have few native speakers, but which is the dominant language of communication especially in the eastern parts of the country. All four have the status of national language. In addition, a number of Nilo-Saharan languages ​​are spoken in the NE, such as Lendu and Lugar bar respectively. approximately 750,000 and 840,000. Official language is French.

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Democratic Republic of Congo – religion

Democratic Republic of Congo – religion, The vast majority of the population is Christian and most belong to the Roman Catholic Church. The largest Protestant church is the native Kimbangu Church, founded in 1921 by Simon Kimbangu, with approximately 5 million members (1999). Traditional African religion colors both the Kimbangu Church and a number of other Christian churches. Islam, Bahai and Judaism are represented by relatively small numbers. For culture and traditions of Democratic Republic of the Congo, please check allunitconverters.

Democratic Republic of Congo – Constitution

Democratic Republic of Congo Constitution, Republic of 2003 got a new, provisional constitution. A transitional government, a National Executive Council, with representatives of the warring parties prepared a new constitution, and it was passed by parliament and by a referendum in 2005.

The executive resides with a president who is both head of state and head of government. The legislative power has a parliament with two chambers, a lower house (National Assembly) with 500 members and an upper house (Senate) with 120 members. The members are appointed by the leaders of the various groups.

Democratic Republic of Congo – Health Conditions

Democratic Republic of Congo – Health conditions, Health conditions are largely characterized by armed conflicts both in neighboring countries and internally, by poverty and by AIDS. The infant mortality rate is approximately 100 ‰, which is the average for sub-Saharan African countries. The birth rate is high, approximately 46 ‰, and population growth is over 3% per year. The average life expectancy is 47 years for men and 51 years for women. The pattern of disease is characterized by infectious diseases, and it is estimated that half of all deaths are due to infections, especially malaria, measles, pneumonia and gastrointestinal infections. Worms and malnutrition weaken the resilience of the population. Tuberculosis, leprosy, African sleeping sickness, river blindness and carharziosis appear persistent. In urban areas, AIDS is among the biggest health problems.

The public health system (2001) has largely collapsed. The majority of the population is relegated to the scattered health centers and hospitals run by religious organizations or private companies, while the elite seeks treatment abroad. Only 35-40% of children are vaccinated and only 20% of the rural population have access to clean drinking water.

Democratic Republic of Congo – music

Democratic Republic of Congo music, Traditional music uses many peculiar instruments, and the song of the rain forest spygmers has aroused interest in the West. Since 1950, the country’s guitar-based pop music with strong, pulsating rhythm, three layered guitar voices and fan riffs and a prominent use of drum kits has been known throughout Africa by radio. The musical structure, however, is closely linked to the traditional rhythmic tissues of traditional music. The music was important in the “L’Authenticité” campaign in 1960 at independence, but the Civil War sent many musicians into exile. The leading musicians in popular music include Franco (Luambo Makiadi), Tabu Ley (b. 1940) and Mbilia Bell (b. 1959). Later, in particular, Papa Wemba (b. 1953) and Zaiko Langa Langa were successful with the mix of music and animal fashion,sapeur has arisen.

Democratic Republic of the Congo Geography