France Wildlife and Economy

By | June 21, 2021

Animals and Plants

What is growing in France?

Almost all the plant species that you can discover elsewhere in Europe are native to France. In alpine regions you can find undemanding plants like lichens and mosses. Where it is warmer, species that prefer a subtropical climate grow, such as olive trees and oranges. In the south of France, olives and almonds are harvested and, above all, wine is grown.

These plants were introduced to France centuries ago and originally come from other regions such as Greece. Aleppo pines, stone and cork oaks, cypresses and plane trees also grow in the Mediterranean region. There are large pine forests along the Atlantic, including the largest contiguous pine forest with an area of ​​800,000 hectares.

What else?

As with us, classic deciduous trees such as beech, maple, birch, oak and ash grow in France. Large areas of forest have been cleared in France and grassy areas and heather areas with gorse and typical heather plants are spreading.

In Provence, lavender blooms alongside many other herbs such as thyme, oregano and rosemary. The numerous herbs growing in France often have healing properties. The lavender is important for perfume production and smells wonderful. The scented rose from which one extracts rose oil, which is also used for perfume production, smells even more.

Oleander bushes in bloom are very common on the French Mediterranean coast. In contrast to the oleander in Germany, here in the south of France it can also easily overwinter outdoors due to the milder climate.

Alpine plants such as the gentian, edelweiss or saxifrage thrive in the Maritime Alps. The famous truffles grow mainly in Provence on Mont Ventoux. These treasures – truffle is a very expensive plant – can usually be found under holm oaks and hazelnut trees.

Which animals live in France?

The wildlife in France is also very diverse. In the Camargue, in the very south of France on the Mediterranean, even flamingos live. Flamingos form a family of their own and are also common in Africa, Western Asia, and Bolivia. This region is also known for the white horses of the Camargue.

Brown hares especially appreciate the forest regions, as do pheasants and partridges. Animals like us live in the forest areas. You can find roe deer, deer, wild boars, foxes and, in somewhat higher regions, mouflons, chamois, marmots and mountain hares.

In the Maritime Alps, ibex climb and even the rare golden eagles fly. Other birds of prey in France are buzzards, falcons, tawny owls, black kites and eagle owls.

Wild France

One or the other wolf also gets lost in the French Alps. For a long time no wolves were sighted in France, but now some of them seem to be returning to France from Italy. Rare, but still there: the brown bears. One type of cat, the gorse cat, is also one of the few predators that have survived in France.

You can even spot Greek tortoises on the Côte d’Azur. These can be found above all in the Massif des Maures. The European pond turtle also lives in the south and prefers standing or flowing waters with lush vegetation.

Other reptiles feel good, like different types of adder. Most of them are non-poisonous, but there are also poisonous ones such as the aspi viper, the adder, the sand viper in the French Alps, the meadow viper, which is very rare, and the European lizard snake: this is by the way the most poisonous snake in Europe.



Agriculture is very important in France and more than half of the country’s area is used for it. Mainly grain and feed for animals are grown. As in many other countries, however, the number of small farms is falling and more and more large farms are specializing in the cultivation of a product. France exports a lot of wine and also the famous champagne. However, grain and milk products are also shipped abroad. However, France imports more than it exports.

French industry

Around 21 percent of the workforce in France is employed in industry, which contributes 22 percent to total national product (GDP). There are few natural resources in France, but industry is not without importance in France. Even if no significant quantities of mineral resources such as coal and iron are extracted any more, a great many are processed in France and this also requires industry. There is an industry that primarily processes agricultural products, i.e. everything that is harvested in France in agriculture.

Automotive and nuclear energy as important industries in France

But a lot of cars are built in France too, so there is an automotive industry. France is also important in the high-tech sector such as telecommunications or the aerospace industry. Only a small part is produced in factories owned by the French state. France’s once rich coal reserves no longer exist, and the iron industry has also declined.

France is totally committed to nuclear energy and also has an important role in nuclear research, that is research that deals with nuclear energy. In 2014, 75 percent of the energy consumed in France was still covered by nuclear energy, but plans are being made to reduce the proportion of nuclear energy. Hydropower has so far played the largest role among renewable energy sources. A rethinking is slowly beginning, but renewable energies still play a smaller role than in Germany.


According to ehotelat, Tourism is very important to the French economy and the country has high visitor numbers. Whether on the Atlantic or the popular holiday areas on the Mediterranean, the German and British neighbors love to spend their holidays in France. Many jobs in France also depend on tourism.

France Tourism