Kenya Geography and Population

By | January 8, 2023

Kenya – geography

Kenya – geography, Kenya is on average quite densely populated by African conditions, but there are major regional differences. The northern third is covered by shrubs and desert with a few scattered nomadic populations. Also, a wide belt within the coast and towards the border with Tanzania is sparsely populated. The majority of the population and economic activity is found in a narrow coastal belt around Mombasa and not least in The White Highlands and the other high-lying areas of central and western Kenya. The development here has been predominantly in the 1900’s. and with the construction of the railroad from Mombasa to Lake Victoria and Uganda (1889-1905) as a prerequisite. The capital of Nairobiemerged as a labor camp in connection with the railway building. The railroad was followed by a great deal of immigration to the large, fertile and then spreading populated areas, especially from Britain and the colonies, but also from other countries. Among the many settlers was Karen Blixen, whose African farm outside Nairobi is now a museum (Karen House).


Kenya has had a very large population growth for many years. In the 1980’s, the birth rate was 54 ‰, the highest in the world; it has fallen to less than 40 NIS in the 1990’s, but Kenya’s population remains very young. Almost the entire population is black Africans; Asians, Europeans, and Arabs together make up less than 2%, living predominantly in cities. The black population is spread across a wide range of ethnic groups, each with its own language. The main strains are kikuyu (21%), luhya (14%), luo (13%), kamba (11%) and kalenjin (10%). Asians (especially descendants of Indian coalies from the railway construction) and Arabs (especially in coastal cities) play a key role in business.

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No less than 85% of the population lives in the countryside. Large areas east of Lake Victoria, in the Rifth Highlands and on the coast are intensively cultivated and densely populated. Only Nairobi (1.5 million) and Mombasa (0.5 million) are real cities. The vast majority of provincial cities have arisen in connection with the district division and administration of the colonial power.


After World War II Kenya has experienced significant economic growth, including based on foreign investment and on the export crops from plantations and large-scale agriculture in The White Highlands.

Agriculture is the dominant industries and employs 3/4 of the workforce; more than half are self-sufficiency, but many farmers are among others. through cooperatives, participants in the important and growing exports of coffee and tea in particular. approximately 7% of the area is cultivated, while a much larger area is utilized with varying intensity for the country’s very large livestock holdings. 12-13 million PCS. cattle. The crops vary with the natural conditions, but maize is a dominant crop in most places. In addition, in the lowland cassava, sugar cane, sisal, pineapple, cotton and cashew nuts and in the highlands coffee, tea, pyrethrum (for the production of insecticides), potatoes and beans.

Mining. Kenya has only a few mineral deposits. Soda is utilized from Lake Magadis in the Rift Valley, while energy supplies are predominantly based on imports. A large oil refinery in Mombasa supplies both Kenya and Uganda with oil products. Hydroelectric power on the Tana River covers a small part of the electricity supply.

Industry. Kenya’s industry is versatile and targets the domestic market. The vast majority are in the two major cities, and much is established with foreign capital. The largest industries are oil, cement and textiles besides many companies in the food sector. In total, the industry contributes 10% of GDP.

Tourism is an important source of revenue for foreign currency, and the sector is estimated to contribute approximately 10% of the country’s GDP. In the late 1990’s and early 2000’s. tourism was hampered by widespread corruption and crime, as well as by terrorist attacks in 1998 and 2002. per year.

The climate

Climate is characterized by the high altitude differences and the monsoon winds from the Indian Ocean. Most rainfall gets the mountain areas (over 1500 mm), while the northern part of the country gets below 250 mm. Particularly east of the Rift Valley, the rain falls mainly in two rainy seasons, from March-April to May-June and from September-October to November-December. The temperature fluctuates only slightly during the year, but much with the height. Nairobi at 1800 m altitude has a pleasant climate with average temperatures of 16-19 °C year-round, while it is significantly warmer on the coast, in the lowlands and on Lake Victoria.


The main line of the transport system is the main road and railroad from Mombasa over Nairobi to Uganda. The course has branches to several major cities and the road network in this part of Kenya is quite dense and of good quality. The rest of the country has no railways and only a sparse road network. Nairobi International Airport is one of Africa’s most important.

Kenya – language

Kenya – languages, In Kenya, 60-70 languages ​​are spoken. More than half are Bantu languages, eg kikuyu, luhya and kamba. Of the greater Nilotic languages ​​may be mentioned luo and kalenjin, of Cushitic, for example, Somali; moreover, a number of indigenous languages ​​such as Gujarati and Hindi are spoken. Swahili and English are official languages. For culture and traditions of Kenya, please check allunitconverters.

Kenya – religion

Kenya – Religion, Since the year 1900, when the majority of the population was in favor of traditional African religions, the Christian churches have had a great growth; approximately 82% of the population is considered Christian (1990). The Roman Catholic Church is the largest (26%); there are many Protestant churches, such as Anglicans, Baptists and Pentecostal churches, a total of 45% of the population. Furthermore, there are independent African churches and sects (11%), which often represent a mixture of traditional religion and Christianity. The traditional African religions especially have followers in ethnic groups who are nomads. Kenya approximately 6% of Muslims live mainly in the coastal area and in northeastern Kenya. There are also supporters of Bahaism, Hinduism, etc. Kenya has religious freedom.

Kenya Geography