Kyrgyzstan State Overview

By | December 14, 2021

Kyrgyzstan is a republic in Central Asia with more than 5 million residents. Its capital and most populous city is Bishkek. In the north it has a long border with Kazakhstan. It is a wonderful country that attracts and bewitches each of its incredibly beautiful mountains and this country gladly shares the beauty with every traveler who enters its blessed land. Bishkek is the capital city of Kyrgyzstan according to itypemba.

Geographic situation

In the southeast is China. In the southwest of the country, the border with Tajikistan and Uzbekistan is located in the west. The landscape of Kyrgyzstan is made up of high mountain ranges, interspersed with vast valleys and lakes. It is about Kyrgyzstan also called the Switzerland of Central Asia. The Tian Shan mountain range is the largest. The largest lake is Issyk Kul. There is a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. The people of Kyrgyzstan were originally a nomadic people. Today only summers to the plains. Here the Yurt (cattle) is allowed to graze. In winter, most of the residents live in houses.

It is the land of the largest glaciers in the world, huge fields of snow, rushing mountain rivers, blue lakes of high mountains, which bewitch different herbs and alpine flowers and a great diversity of the plant and animal kingdom of the fertile valleys. The mountains of Kyrgyzstan make up 93% of the republic’s territory and nowhere does it fall below 350 meters above sea level. From long ranges from the east to the west of China extend 88 great ranges of great mountains – Tian-Shan, which in translation from Chinese means “Mountains of heaven”.

Climate

The climate is continental with important differences between the mountainous areas and the desert valleys. The snow is standing on the summit, while deserts are hot (30 to 40). The climate is cooler in high areas. In winter, temperatures are below zero, especially in January, when the Siberian winds blow from the end of June to mid-August, temperatures in the afternoon can reach 32 ° C or more, with a maximum of 40 ° C in the Fergana valley. The mountain valleys are much cooler.

It is the land of the largest glaciers in the world, huge fields of snow, rushing mountain rivers, blue lakes of high mountains, which bewitch different herbs and alpine flowers and a great diversity of the plant and animal kingdom of the fertile valleys. The mountains of Kyrgyzstan make up 93% of the republic’s territory and nowhere does it fall below 350 meters above sea level. From long ranges from the east to the west of China extend 88 great ranges of great mountains – Tian-Shan, which in translation from Chinese means “Mountains of heaven”.

Economy

Sightseeing

The city is home to many tourist attractions such as the Kyrgyz White House, the Artsja-Ala park, statues of Lenin, Froenze and Manas, the Victory Monument, the many museums and the theater. Other cities are Dzalal-Abad, Batken, Narine, Karakol, Talas and Osh, a city on the Silk Road. Other places of interest in the country are the nature reserve around the Issyk-Kul Lake, the gap A, the Archa and the Fergana valley. The outstanding activities of the country are mountaineering and trekking. Also the tourist can, for example, go on horseback excursionsacross the plains of Pamir. An ideal time to travel is during the Spring Festival; where exhibition games are held in Plaza Ala-Too, traditional games; there is also music, theater festivals and street fairs.

  • The Altyn Arashan Valley
  • Son Kul Lake
  • Lake Issyk-Kul,
  • The Inylchek glacier

Social development

Population

The population is multinational with 4,895.2 thousand residents. Here live more than 90 nationalities and ethnographic groups. According to the 1999 registry data, 64.8% of the population were Kyrgyz, 13.8% – Uzbeks, 12.5% – Russians, 1.1% – Ukrainians, 0.4% – Germans, 2.5% – other nationalities.

Idiom

The official language of Kyrgyzstan is Kyrgyz. In the Kyrgyz Republic they speak Russian too.

Symbols

National flag

The Kyrgyz state flag features a red band, in the center of which is a round disk of the sun with forty golden rays. Inside the sun disk it represents a tunduk from the Kyrgyz yurt. The red flag symbolizes the courage and heroism, the Sun of goldreflects the peace and wealth, and tunduk – is a symbol of the paternal house. Forty rays that join in a circle signify the union of 40 ancient tribes to unique Kyrgyzstan. The tunduk symbolizes the unity of the peoples living in the country. The flag color red was the flag color of generous Manas.

Shield

The shield represents the gyrfalcon of Manas with outstretched wings that symbolize the freedom of the country. Also represented is the pearl of Kyrgyzstan – Lake Issik-Kul which is surrounded by high Ala-Too rock ranges. The sun-lit mountain tops are a symbol of the sincere pride of the Kyrgyz people for the beauty of their homeland. By their shapes they resemble the white conical cap – Kyrgyz men’s national cap. It is confirmed: 14 of January of 1994 by Jogorku Kenesh decision.

Anthem

High mountains, valleys, fields – our wonderful land.
Our ancestors lived in Ala-Too, always taking sacred care of their homeland!
Chorus:
Cheer up, people of Kyrgyzstan, forward on the path of freedom!
Grow up, people, prosper, fate believes!
Dreams and hopes of the ancestors have been fulfilled. And the flag of freedom is raised up.
We will hand over our parents’ inheritance to our children, for the good of the people.
Chorus:
Cheer up, people of Kyrgyzstan, forward on the path of freedom!
Grow up, people, prosper, fate believes!

Kyrgyzstan Economy