Malawi Cities and World Heritage Sites

By | September 20, 2021

Malawi, officially English Republic of Malawi [r ɪ p ʌ bl ɪ k əv mə l ɑ ː w ɪ ], Chewa Mfuko la Malaŵi, German Republic of Malawi, a landlocked country in southern East Africa, with (2019) 18.6 million residents; The capital is Lilongwe.

World Heritage Sites (K) and World Natural Heritage (N)

  • Lake Malawi National Park (N; 1984)
  • Rock paintings in Chongoni (K; 2006)


Zomba [ z ɔ mb ɑ ː ], city in Malawi, in the south of the country, 884 m above sea level, at the foot of 2 000 m high Zombaberge northeast of Blantyre, (2020) 109 800 residents.

Catholic bishopric. Zomba is the country’s cultural center with a university (founded in 1964) and a national archive; Trading center for coffee, cotton and tobacco; Tourism.

Founded in 1885 by Europeans as an agricultural settlement, Zomba was the administrative seat of the British colony Nyassaland from 1891 and 1964–75 of the now independent Malawi, until 1998 the seat of parliament.


Mzuzu [English əm to ː to ː ], city in Malawi, in the north of the country, 1 250 meters above sea level on the northern Vipya plateau, (2020) 240 000 residents.

Catholic bishopric; Administrative headquarters of the northern region, university (founded in 1997); Extraction of Tung Oil (northeast of Mzuzu); Airport.


Blantyre [ blænta ɪ ə], 1959-66 Blantyre-Limbe, city in Malawi, the administrative center of the southern region, 1,070 meters above sea level, in the Shire Highlands, on the railway line Lilongwe Beira, (2020) 830 100 residents.

Seat of a Catholic archbishop and an Anglican bishop; National Museum, Polytechnic. Blantyre is the commercial and industrial center of the country with a cement factory, tobacco processing, sawmill and others; international Airport.


Lilongwe, capital of Malawi. The city with (2020) 1.1 million residents was only founded in 1965.

It is particularly important as a trading center for agricultural products.

Rock paintings in Chongoni (World Heritage)

The rock carvings come from two different peoples: the Twa, a hunter-gatherer people, and the Chewa, an agrarian people. The oldest drawings were made about 1000 years ago under overhangs or on boulders of Mount Chongoni, the youngest date from the 20th century. According to a2zgov, the total of almost 130 sites are among the most important rock paintings in Central Africa.

Chongoni Rock Art: Facts

Official title: Rock paintings in Chongoni
Cultural monument: Cultic paintings on granite rocks in the wooded high plateau of the Chongoni Mountains in central Malawi; 127 sites on an area of ​​126 km²; red stencil-like drawings of geometric shapes and animals by the Batwa pygmies, who had settled in the hunters and gatherers since the late Stone Age (from approx. 3500 BC); in the color white (color of the Bantu peoples) made drawings of animals and mystical figures by the peasant people of the Chewa, who lived since the late Iron Age (from approx. 500 BC) until the 20th century; Symbolization of initiation rites for women (partly presumably made by women), evocations of the rain and burial rites; The Chewas have used the sites for ceremonies and rituals to this day
Continent: Africa
Country: Malawi
Location: 25 km north of Dedza, Central Malawi
Appointment: 2006
Meaning: Most extensive collection of rock art in Central and South Africa; Testimony to an outstanding existence of cultural traditions over centuries; unique aura of a lived cultic place

Rock paintings in Chongoni (World Heritage)