Malaysia Basic Information

By | November 3, 2022
Basic data
Capital Kuala Lumpurw
Population 32.70 million
Language official language Malay, English, Arabic, Chinese (various dialects), Tamil
Religion Islam (about 63%), Buddhism (19%), Christianity (9%) and Hinduism (6%)
State system an elected rotating federative constitutional monarchy
Head of State Yang di-Pertuan Agong (addressing) Abdullah Ahmad Shah
Head of government Ismail Sabri Yaakob
Currency name Malaysian Ringgit (MYR)
Time shift +7 hours, (in summer +6 hours)
Economy 2021
Nominal GDP (billion USD) 351.2
Economic growth (%) 3.1
Inflation (%) 2.5
Unemployment (%) 4.2

According to, Malaysia is an elected rotational federative constitutional monarchy that has its origins in the Malayan kingdoms. Malaysia achieved independence on 31 August 1957. Malaysia consists of thirteen states (both monarchies and republics) and three federated territories. The state establishment is very close to the British parliamentary system and the legal system is based on common law (Anglo-American law). But there is a dual judiciary, Malaysian Muslims are subject to Sharia law. After the 2018 general election, there is a more turbulent period politically, during which 3 Prime Ministers changed in years, culminating in the appointment of King Abdullah as the ninth Prime Minister of Malaysia on 20 August 2021. He became Ismail Sabri Yaakob, a long-time political representative of the UMNO party and former deputy prime minister of Muhyiddin Yassin.

In response to the effects of the coronavirus pandemic, the Malaysian government has decided on a series of measures and stimulus packages to support the economy, amounting to RM470 billion for 2020 and 2021. In addition to financial injections into the healthcare sector (vaccinations, medical supplies), most often non-investment expenditures were made to support the well-being of citizens of low-income groups of the population and affected sectors (tourism, small and medium-sized enterprises). From 1 April 2022, there has been a significant relaxation of cross-border travel, when fully vaccinated persons and children under 12 years of age (it is not decisive if they are vaccinated or not) are allowed to enter the territory of Malaysia after fulfilling defined obligations. The Embassy of Malaysia in the Czech Republic is competent to provide information and current entry conditions.

Practical telephone numbers (emergency services, police, firemen, information lines, etc.)

  • ambulance: 999
  • Gleneagles Hospital: +603-4141 3017/3018/ +603-4141 3131 (Kuala Lumpur)
  • police: 999
  • firefighters: 994
  • information on phone numbers: 103

Important web links and contacts

  • Office of the Prime Minister –
  • Government of Malaysia Portal -
  • Ministry of International Trade and Industry Malaysia –
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs Malaysia –
  • Ministry of Home Affairs Malaysia –
  • Ministry of Defense –
  • Ministry of Finance –
  • Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources –
  • Ministry of Environment and Water –
  • Ministry of Transport –
  • Ministry of Health –
  • Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation –
  • Ministry of Housing and Local Government –
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Production –
  • Ministry of Tourism, Arts and Culture –
  • Ministry of Higher Education –
  • Ministry of Education –
  • Ministry of Youth and Sports –
  • EU Delegation to Malaysia –
  • EUROCHAM MALAYSIA – EU-Malaysia Chamber of Commerce and Industry –
  • MATRADE – Malaysian Foreign Trade Promotion Agency –
  • MIDA – Malaysian Investment Promotion Agency –
  • SMITA – Malaysian SME Association –
  • MIGHT – Malaysian Advanced Technology Agency –
  • MTDC – Malaysian Technology Promotion and Development Agency –
  • MDEC – Malaysian Digital Economy Development Agency –
  • FMM – Federation of Malaysian Manufacturers –
  • InvestKL – Investment Promotion Agency in Kuala Lumpur –
  • Invest Selangor – Investment Promotion Agency in the State of Selangor –
  • InvestPerak Malaysia – Perak State Investment Promotion Agency –
  • Invest Penang – Penang State Investment Promotion Agency –
  • InvestJohor – Johor State Investment Promotion Agency –
  • MICCI – Malaysian International Chamber of Commerce –
  • ICC – International Chamber of Commerce Malaysia –
  • Central Bank of Malaysia –
  • Malaysian News Agency –
  • New Straits Times –
  • The Star Daily –
  • Business Directory –
  • Commercial Register –

Malaysia Basic Information