Mongolia Travel Advice

By | July 28, 2021

General travel information for Mongolia

Continent: Asia

Geographical location: Central Asia north of the Himalayas, located in the northern hemisphere.

Highest elevation: Chüiten in the Altai Mountains (4,374 m above sea level)

Longest river: Orkhon (1,400 km)

Form of government: Parliamentary republic System of

Government: Parliamentary democracy

Languages: Mongolian

Neighboring countries: Russia and China

Capital: Ulan Bator

Area: Approx. 1,564,000 km²

Residents: Approx. 3.18 million people (2018)

Population density: Approx. 2 residents per km²

Religions: Mainly Buddhism, Lamaism and Shamanism, minorities with followers of Islam, Christianity and ethnic religions.

Currency: Tugrik, 1 EUR is about 3 MNT; Travel

Climate: continental to arrides climate with extreme temperature contrasts

Time zone: UTC + 7 to UTC + 8

Area code: +976

Country code: MN

Electricity: In Mongolia, the sockets of type C and E. used. The mains voltage is 230V with a 50Hz change interval. A travel plug adapter is an advantage. An overview of the sockets and plugs used in our travel countries can be found at

Travel climate in Mongolia

Mongolia has a pronounced and dry continental climate with sometimes considerable temperature differences between summer and winter temperatures as well as between day and night temperatures. While the average daytime temperatures do not rise above -25 ° C in winter, they reach a good 20 ° C in summer and, with a temperature difference of almost 50 ° C, are well above the temperature contrasts familiar from Central Europe. The temperature fluctuations between day and night can be over 30 ° C. The average annual rainfall does not exceed 220 mm, in the Gobi desert it is even less than 100 mm per year. Most precipitation falls from May to September and reaches the highest productivity with over 400 mm in the north of the country.

National parks and nature conservation in Mongolia

Mongolia is one of the most progressive countries in the world both in terms of nature conservation and in the endeavor to achieve sustainable and resource-conserving natural development. During the times of the growth-oriented socialist economy, the nature and landscape of Mongolia were seriously affected by erosion, overgrazing and deserfication. Mining, industry and the military have also contributed to severe local environmental damage. Due to the special location in the border area between the densely forested boreal and the dry steppes and deserts of the Gobi in inner Central Asia and characterized by the extraordinarily large climatic contrasts, a unique landscape, flora and fauna has developed in the area of Mongolia, whose special need for protection the residents of the country have now recognized and implemented with a series of modern laws and the “Biodiversity Conservation Action Plan for Mongolia” as well as other measures. This also includes, in particular, the designation of 24 national parks with a total area of approx. 96,000 km² and 18 nature reserves with a total area of approx. 109,000 km². In addition, there are 20 nature reserves with an area of approx. 20,000 km² and a further 9 natural monuments with an area of more than 1,000 km², many of which are now UNESCO World Heritage Sites. However, the progressive nature conservation in Mongolia cannot hide the significant and existing environmental problems caused by emissions from obsolete power plants and industrial plants, pollution and desiccation of water bodies,

The national parks that are definitely worth seeing during a trip through Mongolia are the Tavan Bogd National Park in the Altay, the Tsambagaraw Lul National Park located on several glaciers and in the home of the snow leopard, the Gurwansajkhan National Park with fossil dinosaur bones, huge sand dunes and bizarre rock formations in the Gobi Desert the Chustain-Nuruu National Park south of Ulan Bator with the last wild horses, and also the largest lake areas of Mongolia in the northwest with the Uws-Nuur National Park, the Chöwsgöl-Nuur National Park and the Char-Us-Nuur National Park.

Mongolia Travel Advice

Fixed-date holidays in Mongolia

Jan 1st New Years

Jan 13th Constitution Day

5-7. Feb. Chinese New Year

March 8th International Women’s Day

Jun 1st. International Children’s Day

11-15. Jul. National Day

Nov 26th Republic Day

Nov 27th Genghis Khan Day

Dec 29th Independence Day

Medical information for Mongolia

For legal reasons, we as a tour operator are not allowed to communicate any binding medical information for Mongolia and therefore refer to the information provided by the Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Robert Koch Institute and the German Society for Tropical Medicine and International Health.

Travel advice for Mongolia

You can obtain current travel and safety advice, information on entering and leaving the country, as well as special criminal information and recommendations for your stay in Mongolia from the Federal Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Mission abroad in Mongolia

Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Ulan Bator (There are other honorary consulates in Sibiu and Timisoara) Administrative

District / consular district: Mongolia

Place: Ulan Bator

Street address: Baga Toiruu – 2, United Nations Street 16, Ulan Bator 14201

Postal address: Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany, C. – PO Box 708, Ulan-Bator 15160, Mongolia

Phone: +976 7013 3900

Fax: +49 30 1817 671 77

Email: Contact form


Official languages im Host country: Mongolian, English

Embassy of Mongolia in Berlin(There are other honorary consulates in Cologne, Frankfurt and Munich)

Place: Berlin

Street address: Hausvogteiplatz 14

Postal address: Hausvogteiplatz 14, 10117 Berlin

Telephone: 030 474 80 60

Fax: 030 474 806 16

E-mail: [email protected]