OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Nauru
CAPITAL CITY: Yaren
POPULATION: 9378 (2011)
AREA: 21 km²
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): Nauru, English
RELIGION: Protestants 66%, Catholics 33%, others 1%
COIN: Australian dollars
CURRENCY CODE: AUD
ENGLISH NAME: Nauru
POPULATION COMPOSITION: Nauruan 60%, others (Micronesians, Chinese, Australians, etc.) 40%
GDP PER residents: 3450 $ (2007)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 60 years, women 67 years (2005)
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, HDI: –
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, POSITION: –
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .no
Nauru, island and independent republic of the western Pacific close to the equator; one of the smallest states in the world.
The flag was chosen at a competition, and it was officially hoisted for the first time in 1968. While the blue color and the star allude to the island’s former affiliation with Australia, they both and the yellow stripe symbolize the small island state located 1 ° below the equator.. The star’s 12 branches represent the island’s 12 original clans.
The island is made up of crude phosphate, built up over thousands of years by seabird manure (guano), deposited in the arid tropical climate on a slowly sinking coral reef. Since the beginning of 1900-t. foreign companies have excavated and exported the crude phosphate for the production of fertilizers. Imported labor from other Pacific islands performs the work. After many years of litigation, Nauru now receives real payment for the island’s phosphate, and measured by GDP per capita. capita is Nauru became one of the world’s most prosperous nations. From the mid-1990’s to 2005, Nauru was a tax haven and a money laundering center. 2001-08 and again from 2012, Nauru houses a detention center for refugees, opened by the Australian Government. The conditions at the center have been criticized by human rights organizations, but the institution is a major source of revenue for Nauru.
- Countryaah: Do you know how many people there are in Nauru? Check this site to see population pyramid and resident density about this country.
The settlement is scattered along the coast and there is no real capital. Phosphate revenues have been mainly invested abroad, especially in aviation and real estate, and the island itself now lies like a barren lunar landscape, scarred by the depleted phosphate deposits.
The original business culture of the Nauruans has been lost during the many years of phosphate mining and several periods of colonial oppression. Agriculture is virtually non-existent, and there is no fishing either. The nutrition consists of imported canned food, and due to welfare diseases, life expectancy is low. Over 50% of the population has diabetes; Liver diseases and traffic accidents are other major causes of death. For culture and traditions of Nauru, please check calculatorinc.
The first settlers probably came to Nauru for approximately 2000 years ago. Physically and linguistically, connections can be traced to the Carolinas and the Marshall, Gilbert and Solomon Islands. Originally, the population was organized into clans, and the island was divided into 12 districts led by chiefs. British sailors were the first Europeans to visit Nauru in 1798 and named it Pleasant Island. From approximately In 1830, whalers regularly visited the island, and several beachcombers’wanderers’ settled on Nauru. Clan battles flared up, but were brought to an end in 1888, when Germany incorporated the island into the Marshall Islands protectorate. In 1899, missionaries began to spread Christianity on Nauru, and in 1906, phosphate mining began. Following Germany’s defeat in World War I, Britain, Australia and New Zealand from 1919 administered the island on a mandate from the League of Nations. In 1942-45, Nauru was occupied by Japan; approximately 1,200 Nauruan were deported as forced laborers. From 1947, Nauru was a UN-controlled area of Australia. In 1968, Nauru became an independent republic and a member of the Commonwealth.