General travel information for Nicaragua
Continent: Central America
Geographical location: Between Atlantic and Pacific south of breitesten site of the Central American land bridge located
Highest point: Mogotón (2438 m above sea level)
Longest river: Río Coco (685 km)
Form of government: Republic
Government System: Presidential system
Neighboring countries: Costa Rica, Honduras
Area: Approx. 120 250 km²
Residents: Approx. 6,150,000 people (2016)
Population density: 51 residents per km²
Religions: Approx. 47% Catholics, increasing proportion of Protestant free churches, 12% non-denominational
Currency: Nicaraguan Cordoba NIO; 1 euro is about 37 NOK. The current exchange rates for our travel
destinations can be found at oanda.com Travel Climate: Tropical
Time zone: UTC -6
Area code: +506
Country code: NI, NIC, 558
Electricity: Type A sockets are used in Nicaragua. The mains voltage is 120 V with a 60 Hz change interval. A travel plug adapter is an advantage.
National parks and nature conservation in Nicaragua
Species richness and unbelievable diversity play a major role in the nature and flora and fauna of Nicaragua. Unfortunately, in many places there is little or no environmental awareness of the country’s rich treasures. Fortunately, there are still some nature reserves and national parks that give rare animal and plant species a chance of survival:
– Mombacho Volcano National Park
– Pilas Nature Reserve – El Hoyo
– Charco Verde Reserve
– Concepción Volcano
Medical Notes for Nicaragua
For detailed information on required vaccinations and general medical advice, we recommend contacting the Tropical Institute. You can also find information on the website of the Federal Foreign Office.
Cities and regions in Nicaragua
Biggest Cities in Nicaragua:
Culture, sights in Nicaragua
León has around 150,000 residents, making it the second largest city in Nicaragua. The city is located in the east of the country on the Pacific Ocean. León is one of the most beautiful cities in Nicaragua. It was built in the colonial style and the city still exudes a charm that is reminiscent of the rich times. León has been the intellectual center of the country for several centuries, and liberal ideas had their origin here. In the late 1970s, the city was the focus of revolutionary struggles. Not far away is the coast of the Pacific Ocean and the Momotombo volcano shows its perfect cone outside the city.
Granada has around 110,000 residents, making it the third largest city in the country. Granada is located in the southeast of Nicaragua. Granada is probably one of the most beautiful cities in Nicaragua. Despite the numerous destruction in its history, it is today a colonial gem. Due to its location at the foot of the Mombacho volcano and on the shores of Lake Nicaragua with its islands, the city can offer not only itself, but also many beautiful excursions in the surrounding area.
Isla de Ometepe
The 270 km² island in Lake Nicaragua is the world’s largest volcanic island in a freshwater lake. 29,684 people live on the island.
Holidays in Nicaragua
|Maundy Thursday, Good Friday
|Thursday and Friday before Easter
|Day of the national hero Juan Santamaría
|1st of May
|Anniversary of the Sandinista Revolution
|Battle of San Jacinto
Travel advice for Nicaragua
For up-to-date safety information, please always consult the Federal Foreign Office before traveling .
Foreign missions for Nicaragua
German Embassy in Managua
Embajada de la República Federal de Alemania, Apartado Postal 29, Managua, Nicaragua.
+505 22 55 69 20, +505 22 55 69 21, +505 22 55 69 22