Poland Travel Advice

By | July 20, 2021

General travel information for Poland

Continent: Europe

Geographic location: Central Europe, on the northern hemisphere between the Baltic and the Carpathians

Highest point: Rysy (2503 m above sea level)

Longest river: Vistula (1022 km)

Government: Parliamentary republic

System of government:  Parlamentarische democracy

Languages: Polish

Neighboring countries: Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus (Belarus), Lithuania

Capital: Warsaw

Area: Approx. 312,700 km²

Residents: Approx. 38.5 million people (2017)

Population density: 123 residents per km²

Religions: About 86% Catholics, 1.3% Orthodox churches, small minorities of Protestants, Jews, Muslims, Mormons or Jehovah’s Witnesses

Currency: Zloty (PLN); One euro is about 4.5 PLN. Travel

Climate: Moderate transitional climate between continental and maritime climate

Time zone: UTC +1

Area code: +48

Country code: PL, POL, 616

Electricity: In Poland, the sockets of type C and E are used . The mains voltage is 230V with a 50Hz change interval.

Travel climate in Poland

In Poland, the dry air from the Eurasian continent meets the moist air from the Atlantic or from the North and Baltic Sea region, which leads to a moderate transitional climate.

In Poland there is therefore a predominantly oceanic climate in the north and west, while the continental climate predominates in the south and east of the country.

The annual mean temperature is 5 to 7 ° C on the heights of the Pomeranian and Masurian Lake District and on the plateaus. In the valleys of the Lower Carpathians, the Silesian and Wielkopolska Plains, it is slightly higher at 8 to 10 ° C. In the higher regions of the Carpathians and Sudetes, the mean annual temperature drops to approx. The warmest month in Poland is July with average temperatures between 16 and 19 ° C. It is 9 ° C on the peaks of the Tatra and Sudetes, 16 ° C on the coast and 18 ° C in central Poland. The coldest month is January. Frost is possible from November to March.

With an average of 1700 mm per year, the highest amounts of precipitation fall in the Tatras, below 500 mm in the areas north of Warsaw, on the Goplosee in Greater Poland, west of Poznan and near Bydgoszcz. The wettest months are April and September. In winter, especially in the Carpathians and Beskids, precipitation falls as snow, which forms a long-lasting, closed cover here.

Poland Travel Advice

Cities and regions in Poland

Poland is divided into 16 voivodeships that refer to the historical regions of Poland. These include the Warmian-Masurian, Greater Poland, Świętokrzyskie, Subcarpathian, Lesser Poland, Kuyavian-Pomeranian, Lebus, Łódź, Lublin, Mazovia, Lower Silesia, Opole, Podlachia, Pomerania, Silesia and West Pomerania voivodships.

In addition to the capital Warsaw with 1,753,977 residents, the largest cities (2016) are Krakow (765,320 residents), Lodz (696,503 residents), Wroclaw (637,683 residents), Poznan (540,372 residents), Gdansk (463,754 residents), Szczecin (404,878 residents), Bydgoszcz (353,938 residents), Lublin (40,466 residents) and Katowice (359,887 residents).

Culture and sights in Poland

Polish culture is very diverse and results from the eventful history of the country. In the Middle Ages and modern times, the multicultural aristocratic republic was a melting pot of different cultures and religions, all of which had and still have their influence on the Polish cultural heritage. After the partition of Poland, Polish writers and musicians tried again and again to support the struggle for Poland’s independence under the slogan “To lift the heart”. Examples include the poems and epics by Adam Mickiewicz, the prose works by Henryk Sienkiewicz, one of the first Nobel Prize winners for literature, the history painting by Jan Matejko or the mazurkas, polkas, Krakowiaks and polonaises by the world-famous composer and pianist Frédéric Chopin.

Today, the wide-ranging culture of Poland, like all western countries, is affected by globalization tendencies, especially in the big cities. On the other hand, it can acquire its own identity, especially in the cultural scene of smaller cities and in rural areas. Polish symbolism and poster painting are particularly important. Posters by Polish artists with their very specific characteristics are known all over the world.

On a trip through Poland, on the one hand the cities and on the other hand the untouched nature are worth seeing. The former royal city of Krakow is often considered the most beautiful city in Poland. Many cities that were destroyed in the Second World War were rebuilt in exemplary fashion by the Polish restorers. These include above all Warsaw, Poznan, Wroclaw and Gdansk. The cultural offerings in the Polish metropolises are varied and affordable even for the less well-off visitor. The pub culture and nightlife are particularly attractive to younger tourists in the large student cities of Krakow, Warsaw, Wroclaw and Poznan. There are a total of 13 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Poland, including the old town of Krakow, the Wieliczka salt mine, the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, the old towns of Warsaw, Zamość and Toruń,

Recreational areas and health resorts can be found in the south and north of Poland, in the Voivodeships of Warmia-Masuria, West Pomerania, Pomerania, Kuyavian-Pomerania, Lesser Poland, Subcarpathian and Lower Silesia. You can practice water sports on the Baltic Sea, the lake districts and some mountain rivers, especially Dunajec, San, Poprad, Bobr and their reservoirs. The mountain regions Tatry, Beskydy, Kraków-Czestochowa Jura, Świętokrzyskie Mountains, Sudetes with the Giant Mountains in the first place invite you to go on a skiing and hiking holiday. Zakopane is the winter sports capital of Poland. Many attractive natural treasures can be experienced in the 23 national parks, above all the Białowieża primeval forest, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the Tatra National Park.

Holidays in Poland

Jan 1st New Year Jan

6th Epiphany

in Apr. Easter Sunday

in Apr. Easter Monday

1st May Labor Day

3rd May Constitutional Day

In May / June Whit Monday

in June Corpus Christi

15th Aug. Assumption

1st Nov. All Saints Day

11 Nov. Independence Day

Dec. 25th Christmas

Dec. 26th Independence and Unity Day

Medical information for Poland

For legal reasons, we as a tour operator are not allowed to communicate any binding medical information for Poland and therefore refer to the information provided by the Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Robert Koch Institute and the German Society for Tropical Medicine and International Health

Travel advice for Poland

You can obtain current travel and safety information, information on entering and leaving the country, as well as special criminal law information and recommendations for your stay in Poland from the Federal Foreign Office of Germany.

Foreign representation in Poland

Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Warsaw Administrative

District / consular district: Poland

Place: Ljubljana (Laibach)

Street address: ul.Jazdow 12, 00-467 Warszawa, Poland

Postal address: Ambasada Republiki Federalnej Niemiec, ul.Jazdow 12, 00-467 Warszawa, Poland

Telephone: +48 22 584 17 00

Fax: +48 22 584 19 79

E-Mail: Contact form

Website: http://www.warschau.diplo.de

Official languages in the host country: Polish, in the area of EU and NATO increasingly also English

Embassy of the Republic of Poland in Berlin

(There are other honorary consulates in Hamburg, Cologne, Düsseldorf, Braunschweig, Schwerin and Munich)

Place: Berlin

Street address: Lassenstrasse 19-21

Postal address: Lassenstrasse 19-21, 14193 Berlin

Telephone: 0 30 22 31 31 07

Fax: 0 30 22 31 31 55

Email: [email protected]

Website: http://www.gov.pl/niemcy