Romania Wildlife and Economy

By | June 2, 2021

Animals and Plants

What is growing in Romania?

Almost a third (27 percent) of Romania is covered by forest. In the lower layers oaks dominate the picture, but there are also maple trees, plane trees, willows and linden trees. Beeches grow more and more from a height of 400 meters. There are also elms, ash and birch trees. Conifers such as spruce, fir, pine, yew and larch grow from 1400 meters. The tree line is 1,800 meters. Only grass, moss and lichens grow above it.

Romania’s lowlands in the west and south are steppe landscapes. Mainly grasses grow there and only a few trees. In many cases, however, the plains are also used for agriculture.

The Danube delta forms a swampy landscape in which reeds, cattails, water hemlock and water lilies grow. In fact, it is the largest reed area in the world.

Which animals live in Romania?

In addition to chamois, wolves and lynxes, there are also many brown bears living in the Carpathian Mountains. It should be 6600. This is the largest number in Europe (excluding Russia) who live in a country. Ibex can also be found here. Over a hundred of them live in the Rodna Mountains, which rise in the north of the Eastern Carpathians. There is also one of the country’s national parks, which are used to try to protect nature. Bearded vultures and golden eagles soar into the air.

Deer, foxes, badgers, wild boars and roe deer live in the forests. The Great Bustard, which is threatened with extinction, still romps in the lowlands of Wallachia. In addition to many fish, otters cavort in the rivers. The dolphin lives in the Black Sea.

As for plants, the Danube Delta is also a paradise for animals. A specialty is the great white pelican, whose largest breeding area in Europe is located here. Another pretty representative from the bird world is the purple heron. Below you can find pictures of these birds.


Wheat and corn from Romania

41 percent of the area of ​​Romania consists of fields. In addition to wheat and maize, barley, sugar beet, sunflowers, potatoes and grapes are also grown. 21 percent of the country’s area are pastures. Mainly sheep are kept there. Overall, however, agriculture only generates 4.2 percent of Romania’s entire economy – although 28 percent of the people work in this area.

Corn from Romania

Electronics and Transportation

Industry generates 33.2 percent, although hardly more people are employed here than in agriculture. So the industry works much more profitably. Electronics such as computers, televisions and telephones are manufactured on the one hand, and means of transport such as cars, ships, planes and helicopters on the other. We also know the car manufacturer Dacia.

Other products include steel, medicines, clothing, food and chemical products. Estonia and Romania are the two EU countries that have seen the strongest growth in industry since 2013. Nevertheless, Romania remains one of the poorest countries in the EU.

Natural gas and other mineral resources

According to agooddir, Romania is rich in natural resources. The country has the third largest natural gas resource in the EU. Coal, salt and oil are other mineral resources that are extracted. Crude oil is further processed in refineries, such as the Petromidia refinery on the Black Sea.


Every year around five million foreign tourists come to Romania. That is not that much yet, but Romania has been able to increase the number considerably in recent years. The country advertises primarily with its undisturbed nature in the Carpathian Mountains and in the Danube Delta as well as its beaches on the Black Sea. A dinosaur park was also opened in Râşnov. In winter you can ski in the mountains.

Corruption and poverty

Corruption is a major problem in the Romanian economy. It is widespread that you have to pay someone a bribe if you want to achieve something, for example in a public office or with the police.

Poverty is also a problem. Pay is poor and some groups of the population, such as the Roma, are treated badly. In Romania you can often see horse carts driving through the area. The roads have many potholes. Field work is done by hand. In many cases there is still a lack of modern development.