Togo Geography and Population

By | January 8, 2023

Togo Geography

Togo – Geography, Togo is a small country with a coastline facing the Gulf of Guinea at just 56 km. The low Togo and Atakora mountains divide the country into two. To the lake lies a coastal plain and low plateaus, towards NV lies a river plain and furthest to the north low mountains. The climate is tropical and characterized by the intertropical convergence zone. Thus, in most places there are two rainy seasons (April-July and September-November), but there are large differences in rainfall from year to year. 1981-83, Togo actually experienced drought. Outside the seasonal rains influenced weather of dry Harmattan – winds from the Sahara.

The coastal area is an offshore coast with sandy bays, lagoons and swamps; Behind these lies the fertile clay plateau Terre de Barre. The area is a densely populated agricultural region, and here lies the capital, Lomé. North of the largest of the lagoons, Lac Togo, are the important phosphate mines, and at the end of the lagoon the old slave trading town and former capital of Aného. Mono is border river to the east; Here lies an irrigated agricultural area and a hydroelectric plant. The coastal region is mainly populated by ewe, mina and gun, and the area is the center of both Togo Catholicism and voodoo religion.

The plateau area includes several plateaus, most often less fertile. Here is savanna vegetation with oil palms, baobab and charity trees. The dispersed population especially came here after 1900; main crops are cotton and rice.

In the southern Togo mountains, the rainfall is greater, and here lies the country’s most fertile agricultural land. A wide variety of tropical crops are grown, both in plantations and on small farms. The original rainforest is only spotted. In several places there are waterfalls during the rainy season. In the northern Atakora Mountains, the population lives scattered and cultivates the deep-cut valleys with, among other things. rice. Here is also Sokode, the Muslim center of the country. In the northernmost Atakora, the Kabyé people, known for intensive farming, live on mountain terraces. Here and far from NV many small and quite isolated ethnic groups live. For culture and traditions of Togo, please check allunitconverters.

Population and Economy. Population growth is high (but declining) and population density is high in African conditions. Approximately 40% live in cities, reflecting the dominant role of the agricultural industry. approximately 45 different ethnic groups live in Togo, but most are few. The most important groups are ewe (22%), kabyé (14%), cotocoli and basari. During the political unrest in the early 1990’s, an estimated 400,000 fled to neighboring countries, but many have since returned. approximately 100,000 Togolese workers are seasonal workers in Ghana’s agriculture.

  • Countryaah: Do you know how many people there are in Togo? Check this site to see population pyramid and resident density about this country.

Agriculture is the main business. To the south, farms are small (1-3 ha) with self-contained roads, while village- or tribal-based community ownership is common to the north. The structure makes it difficult to modernize the profession, but in normal harvest seasons the country is self-sufficient with basic foods, yams, cassava, corn, millet and rice. In addition, sales crops such as cotton, peanuts, etc. Cocoa, coffee and cotton together represent approximately 40% of the country’s export revenue. Togo is not self-sufficient with meat, but to the south there is some pig breeding, and to the north goats, sheep and cattle. In total, only 10% of the land is cultivated, and with foreign aid the area is sought to be expanded and productivity improved.

Togo is the world’s fourth largest producer of phosphate (for fertilizers), the country’s main export commodity, and in recent years 20-30% of its export revenue has come from it. The country has significant deposits of calcium phosphate, which have been exploited since 1961. In 1997, the company was partially privatized as part of a debt settlement agreement with the IMF (International Monetary Fund). The industry contributes only 9% of GDP. In the 1970’s, an ambitious state industrialization program was launched, but many of the companies have since closed. A free zone in Lomé has attracted a number of foreign producers. The infrastructure is poorly developed; from the colonial period there are some railways that are now heavily run down. The energy supply has long been dependent on imports of electricity fromAkosombo Dam in Ghana. A natural gas pipeline from Nigeria is under construction and is expected to open in 2006.

Togo Geography