General travel information for Uzbekistan
Geographical location: West Asia, northwest of the Hindu Kush
Highest elevation: Hazrat Sulton (4643 m above sea level)
Longest river: Amudarja (formerly 1415 km) Form of
Government: Republic System
Government: Presidential system
Neighboring countries: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan
Area: Approx. 449,000 km²
Residents: Approx. 33,255,539 people (2019)
Population density: Approx. 74 residents per km²
Religions: About 89% Muslim, about 8% Russian Orthodox Christians, etc.
Currency: Uzbekistani SOM (UZS); 1 euro is approximately 11.4 UZS.
Travel Climate: moderate climate zone, depending on the region continental, steppe or desert climate
Time zone: UTC + 5
Area code: +998
Country code: UZ, UZB, 860
Electricity: In Uzbekistan the sockets are of type C, F and I are used. The mains voltage is 220 V with a 50 Hz change interval. A travel plug adapter is an advantage.
Travel climate in Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan belongs to the temperate climatic zone of Western Asia. Depending on the region, there is a humid continental climate, a temperate steppe climate or a temperate desert climate. The summers are usually hot and cloudless, the winters changeable and cold. The annual precipitation is – depending on the region – only 50-400 mm, but increases in the mountains to over 1000 mm annually. The temperatures fluctuate greatly both year and time of the day
Culture and sights in Uzbekistan
The region of today’s Uzbekistan has been a core area of Islamic culture since the early Middle Ages and thus differs fundamentally in the culture of the only superficially Islamized nomads of the neighboring countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan. The main reason for this was the highly developed, Persian-influenced urban culture. In particular, the old settlement centers in what is now the center of the country, Bukhara and Samarkand, have an extraordinary cultural history. They produced many great philosophers, scientists, and theologians. The most famous are the polymath al-Biruni, the mathematician al-Khwarizmi, the traditional scientist al-Bukhari, the doctor and philosopher Ibn Sina and the astronomer and scientist Ulugh Beg. The language and culture of Persia is still cultivated today by many people in the vicinity of these cities, while the state language Uzbek developed from Eastern Turkish language elements. The country’s greatest poet, Mir ʿAli Schir Nawāʾi in the 15th century, came from Herat and wrote in Chagatai and Persian. The art music of Uzbekistan is based on different forms of the maqam, a musical theory that is widespread in Arab countries and Central Asia. The complex rhythms and melodic structures are similar to those of Iranian music. The best known is the Shashmaqam style cultivated in Bukhara, Samarkand and neighboring Tajikistan. The Alti-yarim Makom is the regional style of the northern parts of the country, while in the Ferghana Valley the Tschahar Maqam, which is reduced in size, is played by Uzbeks and Tajiks. One of the oldest and most important cultural traditions in the country is the traditional Indo-Iranian New Year festival Nouruz, which is celebrated as a public holiday in spring.
Popular travel destinations are the ancient cities of Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva, old trading cities on the historic Silk Road, which are characterized by architecture that is well worth seeing. The historic center of Itchan-Kala in Khiva, the historic center of Shakhrisyabz, and the historic city of Samarkand are recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The western Tian Shan Mountains with their unique high mountain and glacier landscape are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other natural beauties worth seeing are opened up with the National Park Zomin in the western part of the Turkestan Mountains and with the Ugam-Chatkal National Park in the Tien Shan highlands with the impressive landscape of the Chatkal Valley.
Although the Aral Sea has dried up so far that it has disintegrated into the southern “Great Aral Sea” and the northern “Small Aral Sea” as well as other small lakes, it is still a must-see travel destination in Uzbekistan.
Holidays in Uzbekistan
The dates of the Islamic holidays are based on the Islamic lunar calendar and therefore vary from year to year.
Jan 1st New Year
March 8th International Women’s Day
March 21st Nowruz
May 9th Memorial Day Sep
1st Independence Day
Oct 1st Teachers Day
Dec 8th Constitution Day
Medical information for Uzbekistan
For legal reasons, we as a tour operator are not allowed to communicate any binding medical information for Uzbekistan and therefore refer to the information provided by the Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Robert Koch Institute and the German Society for Tropical Medicine and International Health
Travel advice for Uzbekistan
You can obtain current travel and safety information, information on entering and leaving the country, as well as special criminal information and recommendations for your stay in Uzbekistan from the Federal Foreign Office of Germany.
Foreign mission in Uzbekistan
Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Tashkent Administrative
District / consular district: Uzbekistan
Street address: Sharaf Rashidov Ko’chasi 15, Tashkent 100017
Postal address: Sharaf Rashidov Ko’chasi 15, Tashkent 100017, Uzbekistan
Telephone: +998 78 120 84 40, for emergencies + 998-93-18154-06 or 07
Fax: +998 78 120 66 93, +998 78 120 84 50, +998 78 120 84 85
e-mail: Contact Formula r
Official languages in the host country: Russian
Embassy of the Republic of Uzbekistan in Berlin
(There is another honorary consulate in Frankfurt am Main)
Street address: Perleberger Straße 62
Postal address: Perleberger Straße 62, 10559 Berlin
Telephone: 030 39 40 98 0
Fax: 030 394 098 62
E-mail: [email protected]