Vermont History

By | October 15, 2021

Vermont is a state in the United States, located in the New England area of ​​the Northeastern United States. The capital is Montpelier. According to ebizdir, the state borders the states of New York, New Hampshire and Massachusetts and has a land border in the north to Canada.

Vermont has fostered well-known successful companies such as Ben & Jerry’s, which makes ice cream and provides a portion of the profits to needy residents of the state. A number of insurance companies have also invested in Vermont.

The state is also the leading producer of syrup.


15th-16th Century – The Iroquois Federation drove many of the smaller native tribes away from Vermont to later use the area as a hunting ground. It is estimated that the population in 1500 was approx. 10,000 people.

1535 – The first European to reach the area was probably the Frenchman Jacques Cartier.

1609 – Samuel de Champlain claims Isle La Motte for New France and Vermont is populated by the French.

1666 – The French build Fort St. Anne, dedicated to St. Anne, on the island of Isle La Motte. The fort was the 5th and most vulnerable in a series of defensive positions against the Iroquois people. The island was named after the leader of this expedition, Captain Pierre La Motte. They were the first Europeans to overwinter in 1666-7.

1724 – The British build Fort Dummer, the first permanent settlement in Vermont. The fort was built during the conflict between New England and the Wabanaki Confederacy (especially Mi’kmaq, Maliseet, and Abenaki ), which were allied with New France.

1731 – The French besiege an area in Pointe-à-la-Chevelure, called Chimney Points today. They first built a palisade fort, and later a stone fort, Fort St. Frédéric, on the west side of the lake. Fort St. Frédéric was blown up in 1759 and the houses of the French were burnt down on both sides of the lake, and they were forced to flee to Canada.

1754-63 – After the French and Native American wars, France transferred rights over the territory to Britain by the Paris Agreement of 1763.

1775 – Ethan Allen and members of the Green Mountain Boys capture Fort Ticonderoga.

1777 – The Battle of Hubbardton, the only American War of Independence fought in Vermont.

1785 – First marble quarry opened at the town of Danby on Dorset Mountain on the border between Rutland and Bennington counties. The quarry is the largest in the world, stretching more than 1.6km over an area of ​​10,000m².

1791 – Vermont is incorporated as the 14th state of the United States on March 4.

1812 – In the British-American War, British forces attempt to move in with a navy on Lake Champlain, but after a naval battle they are repulsed.

1837 – John Deere patents the first successful steel plow; Thomas Davenport obtained a patent for the first electric motor.

1861-65 – During the American Civil War, Vermont sent more than 34,000 men into service, and the northernmost battles of the war took place in Vermont.

1881 – Chester A. Arthur, born in Fairfield, became the 21st President of the United States until March 1885. He signed the Chinese Exclusion Act on May 6, 1882, to halt Chinese immigration to the United States because there was unemployment, especially on the West Coast. declining wages among Americans, born in the United States due to immigrant Chinese, who were also considered racially inferior. However, it allowed the Chinese who lived in the United States before November 17, 1880, to stay in the country.

1923 – Calvin Coolidge, born in Plymouth, becomes the 30th President of the United States, until March 2, 1929.

1927 – A major flood from the Green Mountains area, the worst in the state’s history, sends destructive currents of water to the Winooski Valley. The flood claimed 200 lives and caused $ 40 million in damage.

1963 – The last cities in Vermont are powered by Victory, Granby, and Jamaica.

2011 – Hurricane Irene causes huge floods, washed away bridges but only three deaths. On Thursday, August 25, Irene was on satellite images the size of the US state of Texas. At least 56 people died in total, and the damage amounted to $ 15.5 billion, making it the 7th most expensive natural disaster in the United States. See a list here.

Vermont History