In this country, box spring beds in the so-called Scandinavian or European structure, which are characterized by three components, are predominantly widespread. There is also the American structure in which only two bed components are used. In the following article we will introduce you to the various individual parts of the box spring bed and explain their function.
How is a box spring bed constructed?
The elementary components of the box spring bed include:
- Mattress (also: top mattress or box spring mattress)
- Topper (also: top mattress or topper mattress)
The classic box spring bed also has a headboard, which makes a significant contribution to the overall appearance and charisma of the bed. The spectrum ranges from (extra) high to (extra) wide upholstered headboards in simple or elaborate designs to naturally charming solid wood headboards.
Box of the box spring bed
In the box spring bed, the box replaces the slatted frame, which is usually used as a spring base in conventional bed systems. For this purpose, the box is equipped with a spring core inside, which can be designed as a Bonell spring core or as a (barrel) pocket spring core. Sometimes you can read in the description of box spring systems that the box is equipped with a wave base. Compared to a real innerspring, the adaptability of wave base springs is usually rather moderate, which can have a negative effect on lying and sleeping comfort.
The design of the box determines which support is offered by the bed. This must be tailored to your body weight. A firmer box is also suitable for use by lighter people, because the mattress and topper that lie on it ensure that they sink in well if they are designed for it.
Depending on the bed model, there is more or less free space below the spring core in the box – sufficient ventilation of the box spring bed is always guaranteed.
The box receives stability from a robust frame, which can be made of wood or metal. For an attractive look, the box is provided with a cover fabric on the sides.
The bed feet are also located on the underside of the box. Depending on the model, these are more or less pronounced and thus influence the overall appearance of the bed. With some box spring beds, an additional frame is attached below the box, which completely closes the bed at the bottom.
Box spring mattress
A mattress lies on top of the box by the box spring bed. Like the box, this is often equipped with a spring core (Bonell or barrel pocket spring core) in order to achieve the springy lying feeling that is typical and desired for this type of bed. Alternatively, cold foam or latex mattresses are now also available as top mattresses for box spring beds. This means that some of the springy box spring properties are lost, but at the same time an even better adaptation to individual requirements for maximum lying and sleeping comfort is possible.
As with mattresses that are used in conventional bed systems, top mattresses for box spring beds are sometimes produced in different degrees of hardness, which are suitable for people with different body weights and needs.
The cover of the mattress on the box spring bed is often designed in such a way that the outside has the same cover material or cover material as the box. Occasionally the upholstery fabric of the mattress also differs in color from the fabric of the box and thus sets high-contrast accents that additionally underline the design of the bed. Since the top mattress does not actually serve as a bed surface, it also works very well without sheets, which means that the typically desired, multi-layered box spring look is retained.
Topper of the box spring bed
The topper is a thinner mattress (up to approx. 10 cm high) that closes the box spring bed at the top and forms the actual lying surface of the bed. In this way, it once again has a clear influence on the perceived feeling of lying down and comfort. Depending on the sleeping habits, toppers with a high-quality cold foam or visco foam core – each with a higher density, have proven themselves. .
Latex, Viscolatex, gel and mesh toppers are characterized by very special properties.
Box spring bed: Various structures in the cut
A classic combination in the construction of box spring beds is the use of a box with a Bonell spring core and a pocket spring core mattress. Due to the Bonell spring core, the box has an area-elastic effect in this construction, which means that it yields equally over the entire surface when loaded. The mattress has a pocket spring core that has a point-elastic effect. Here, a precise adjustment takes place at the points where the mattress is loaded.
A higher support force and improved adaptability is achieved with the box spring bed by combining two pocket spring cores.
Mattresses with a higher number of springs are often used when it comes to the special requirements of people with a higher body weight. How resilient or load-bearing a mattress is depends not only on the number of springs in the core, but is also largely determined by the type of steel used and the strength of the springs.