World Heritage Sites in Czech Republic

By | September 22, 2021

World Heritage Sites

  • Historic Center of Prague (Praha) (1992)
  • Historic Center of Český Krumlov (Český Krumlov) (1992)
  • Historical center of Telč (Telč) (1992)
  • St. John of Nepomuk pilgrimage church in Zelená Hora (Grüneberg) (1994)
  • Historic center of Kutná Hora and St. Mary’s Church in Sedlec (1995)
  • Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape (Eisgrub-Feldsberg) (1996)
  • Historic village of Holašovice (1998)
  • Kroměříž Castle and Park (1998)
  • Litomyšl Castle (1999)
  • Trinity Column in Olomouc (Olomouc) (2000)
  • Villa Tugendhat in Brno (2001)
  • Jewish Quarter and Basilica of Saint Prokop in Třebíč (Trebitsch) (2003)

Litomyšl Castle (World Heritage)

The castle from the 16th century with the three-storey arcade courtyard is one of the most important Renaissance buildings in the Czech Republic. The Czech composer Bedrich Smetana was born in the Litomyšl Castle Brewery in 1824.

Litomyšl Castle: Facts

Official title: Litomyšl Castle
Cultural monument: Renaissance castle built 1568-1573 according to plans by the Italian master builder Giovanni Battista Aostalli; built on three floors around a square courtyard; four-leaf arcade castle, based on Italian models; The facades and gables are decorated with over 8000 sgraffitos by Simon Vlach in the style of the Bohemian Renaissance
Continent: Europe
Country: Czech Republic
Location: Litomyšl, Eastern Bohemia
Appointment: 1999
Meaning: Exceptionally well-preserved example of an arcade castle from the Italian Renaissance with bohemian elements

Litomyšl Castle: History

10th century First castle complex
12th century Construction of a monastery complex
1344 Episcopal Palace
1426 Destruction of the buildings
1432 Reconstruction of the plant
1568-1573 Construction of the renaissance castle by Vratislav von Pernstein including the remaining parts of the palace after it was destroyed by a major fire
1730 Decoration of the “slaughter room”
1775 Extensive renovation work and extensions
1798 Opening of the castle theater
1824 Birth of the composer Friedrich Smetana in the castle brewery
1949 Venue of the annual international opera festival “Smetanas Litomyšl”
1962 National cultural monument
1974 Restoration of the original sgraffitos

Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc (World Heritage)

The 35 m high baroque plague column on Friedensplatz in front of the town hall was solemnly consecrated in 1754 in the presence of Empress Maria Theresa. The gem of the stonemasonry is with sculptures, patterns, figures of apostles and saints.

Trinity Column in Olomouc: facts

Official title: Trinity Column in Olomouc (Olomouc)
Cultural monument: 35 m high baroque column on the Peace Square in front of the Olomouc Town Hall, built between 1716 and 1754 under Václav Render and Ondrej Zahner; adorned with numerous baroque ornaments and religious sculptures, including 18 larger-than-life stone figures of apostles and saints and the Virgin Mary carried by angels on three superimposed galleries; The column ends with a ten meter high monolith with the copper group of the Trinity at the top, surmounted by a star; several times damaged and restored
Continent: Europe
Country: Czech Republic
Location: Olomouc (Olomouc), Moravia
Appointment: 2000
Meaning: Outstanding example of the baroque columns typical of Central Europe

Třebíč (World Heritage)

According to thereligionfaqs, the basilica was built in the middle of the 13th century and is one of the most beautiful Romanesque churches in the country. The completely preserved Jewish quarter consists of around 120 houses, two synagogues and a cemetery. Until 1875 the Jewish residents were only allowed in this ghetto.

Třebíč: facts

Official title: Jewish Quarter and Basilica of St. Prokop in Třebíč
Cultural monument: Fully preserved Jewish quarter with a cemetery from the 15th / 16th centuries Century (around 4000 tombstones) and the Basilica of St. Prokop, built in 1240-1260 as part of a Benedictine monastery with Romanesque and Gothic style elements and a Baroque double tower facade built in 1731
Continent: Europe
Country: Czech Republic
Location: Třebíč, west of Brno (Brno)
Appointment: 2003
Meaning: Extraordinary symbol for the coexistence of Jewish and Christian culture from the Middle Ages to the 20th century

Třebíč: history

1101 Foundation of a monastery by the Benedictines
1240-1260 Construction of the Basilica of St. Prokop
1875 Abolition of residence restrictions for Jews


Třebíč (World Heritage)